US government restricts exports of artificial intelligence program.

US government restricts exports of artificial intelligence program.

The Trump administration took steps on Friday to crimp exports of artificial intelligence applications as part of a bid to maintain sensitive technologies from the hands of rival powers like China.

Under a new rule which goes into effect on Monday, businesses that export certain types of geospatial imagery software from the United States must apply for a permit to send it abroad except when it’s being sent to Canada. ‘They need to keep American businesses from assisting the Chinese make better AI products that can help their army,’ said James Lewis, a technology specialist with the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies think tank.

The rule will likely be welcomed by business, Lewis said, because it’d feared a much wider crackdown on exports of most artificial intelligence hardware and software

The measure covers software that could be used by detectors, drones, and satellites to automate the process of identifying targets for both military and civilian ends, Lewis said, noting it was a blessing for industry, which feared a much wider crackdown on exports of AI hardware and software.

The measure is the first to be finalized by the Commerce Department under a mandate from a 2018 law, which tasked the agency with writing rules to improve oversight of exports of sensitive technology to adversaries like China, for economic and security reasons.

Reuters first reported that the agency was finalizing a set of narrow rules to limit such exports at a blessing to US industry that feared a much tougher crackdown on sales overseas.

The rule will go into effect in the United States alone, but US authorities could afterwards submit it to international bodies to attempt to make a level playing field globally. It comes amid growing frustration from Republican and Democratic lawmakers over the slow roll-out of rules toughening up export controls, with Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, a Democrat, urging the Commerce Department to speed up the process.

‘While the government considers that it is in the national security interests of the United States to immediately implement these controls, in addition, it wants to offer the interested public with an opportunity to comment on the control of new items,’ the rule release said.

Read More

Trump says Soleimani’s reign of terror is over, was plotting attacks on Delhi & London

Trump says Soleimani’s reign of terror is over, was plotting attacks on Delhi & London

Washington: Defending the killing of top Iranian commander at a US strike, President Donald Trump on Friday reported the’reign of terror is over’ and claimed Qassem Soleimani had contributed to’terrorist plots as far away as New Delhi and London.’

General Soleimani, the head of Iran’s elite architect and force of its regional security device, was killed after a US airstrike in Baghdad airport on Friday. The attack also killed the deputy leader of Iraq Hashed force. ‘The recent attacks on US targets in Iraq, including rocket strikes that killed an American and wounded four American servicemen very badly, in addition to a violent assault on the embassy in Baghdad, were carried out in the direction of Soleimani, Trump told reporters at Mar-a-Lago in Florida.

‘Soleimani made the death of innocent people his sick passion, leading to terrorist plots as far away. Today we remember and honor the victims of Soleimani’s many atrocities and we enjoy knowing that his reign of terror is over, ” he said.

Trump alleged that Soleimani has been perpetrating acts of terror to destabilize the Middle East for the past twenty years.

‘What the United States yesterday did must have been done. A lot of lives could have been saved.

Amidst escalation of tension with Iran, Trump claimed the killing of Soleimani won’t lead to war.

‘We took action last night to stop a war. We did not take action to begin a war. I have deep respect for the Iranian people. They are a people with an incredible heritage and potential. We don’t seek regime change, Trump said.

‘But, the Iranian regime’s aggression in the region, including the use of fighters must end and it must end now. The future belongs to the people of Iran, those who seek calm co-existence and collaboration, not the terrorist warlords who plunder their nation to fund bloodshed overseas, he said.

Trump said at his direction, the United States military successfully implemented a precision strike that killed the’number one terrorist’ anywhere in the world. ‘Soleimani was plotting imminent and menacing attacks on American diplomats and military personnel, but we caught him in the act and chased him, he said.

We will find you. You will be eliminated by us. We will always protect our diplomats, service members, all Americans and our allies,” Trump said.

‘For years the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and its callous Quds Force under Soleimani’s leadership has targeted, injured and murdered hundreds of American civilians and servicemen, he said in his remarks. Trump said that the United States has the best army in the world.

‘We have the best intelligence in the world. If Americans everywhere are threatened, we’ve got all of those targets already fully identified, and I am prepared and ready to take whatever action is necessary. And that in particular describes Iran, he said.

Under my leadership we have destroyed the ISIS territorial caliphate, and recently American special operations forces killed the terrorist leader called al-Baghdadi. The world is a safer place with no monsters, the president said.

Read More

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) annual meeting

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) annual meeting

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)’s annual climate conference, COP 25, held in Madrid in December, finished on an underwhelming note. Despite two weeks of rigorous talks and negotiations, delegates from nearly 200 countries were unable to reach an agreement on crucial issues revolving around the damage and loss resulting from climate change, financing for adaptation of climate change, and carbon markets.

As things stand, these conclusions have been postponed until the COP 26 summit, which will be held in Glasgow in November 2020. Glasgow are also significant because many countries are expected to announce their new Nationally Determined Contributions, or NDCs, for handling the climate crisis domestically.

Navroz K Dubash, that has been a lead author on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s 5th Assessment Report (AR5) in 2014 and a professor at the New Delhi-based Centre for Policy Research, is also a coordinating lead author of the IPCC AR6 report for 2022. Dubash thinks that the war on climate change wouldn’t have been won or lost in Madrid. Rather, what is more important is the way that individual markets legislate for a low-carbon future. In a meeting, Dubash talks about climate and environment concerns in India amid a slowing economy, the relevance and efficacy of NDCs, and his expectations on climate actions for 2020. Edited excerpts:

Madrid marked a ending to 2019. What are the main bottlenecks on climate action that is effective?

It was gloomy for various structural reasons. It was dismal because, internationally, in many countries, there isn’t a national appetite to address climate change. You have leaders that are de-emphasizing or actively pushing back like (Jair) Bolsanaro, (Donald) Trump, and Australia, also. That’s one reason why the wider conditions weren’t in place. The second explanation is that, I think, while there has been a very heartening, growing, political mobilization by young people, particularly in Europe, it’s also accompanied by the fact that the world is going through quite distressing times in other ways. The development of nationalism, identity politics-all of those things are also crowding the space. For instance, who wants to talk about climate change at the moment in India, given what we are going through with the discussion and unrest over the CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act) and the protests associated with that? So, the centre of gravity of the climate action has to be at the national level, particularly in keys country like the US, the EU as a block, Brazil, China, India, and so on.

You’ve written elsewhere it is not possible for India to grow first and clean up afterwards, and that this needs to be handled simultaneously. This is a special challenge.

I don’t think India has a choice, except for a way to develop in a way that’s clean. We have not fully realised that we do not have a choice. I don’t think that India is facing a middle-income snare anytime soon because we aren’t creating many jobs and we have a large unskilled labor force. But we could end up in a middle-income environment snare, wherein the conditions for our economy that rest on natural resources, the capability of our transport networks to move things around, the ability of our economy to get access to raw material, the ability to attract senior managers who are ready to brave the highest levels of contamination in the world-all of those things actually will have a material effect on growth. I think it is a hypothesis this can’t be proven by one, but I think it will be foolish to believe that the story is disconnected from the growth story right now. I believe the environment could easily become a constraint on our growth.

Given the GDP prices and the severely slowing economy, will environmental concerns and climate take a backseat?

People today mobilise about climate, as you see the Extinction Rebellion. But, when you have to acquire a system moving, a climate policy isn’t set by you except in a high level. If you believe about it in that way, it need not take a back seat, because in an economic slowdown, people care about their cities’ form and it pertains to the slowdown. If you are a sensible planner, you would worry about such matters, such as from a growth perspective.

Read More

Technology which will explode this decade

Technology which will explode this decade

The typical time -things are changing at a rapid scale around us and frame of disruption in our lives has diminished. In a period of few years, gadgets like MP3 players, compact digital cameras, scanners, CDs, fax machines and lots of others have disappeared.

On the other hand, new-age technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML), data analytics, Internet of Things (IoT), content streaming, automation, robotics and 5G are not just here to stay but are growing in leaps and bounds to make our lives better.

Quantum computing

Imagine a processor that can perform target computation in 200 seconds, which would take the world’s fastest supercomputer.

A quantum computer can solve complicated issues that would otherwise take billions of years for the computers of today to solve. This has massive implications for research in energy, medical care systems, smart materials and much more.

Self-driving electric cars

The worldwide revenues from connected automobiles the precursor to fully-autonomous is increasing at an annual rate of 27.5 percent and are expected to touch $21 billion by 2020. Tesla helped create that market and remains an industry leader. The Elon Musk-run company surprised Wall Street by registering a profitable third quarter last year with total revenue of $6.3 billion riding on sales of its Model S, Model X and Model 3 electric cars.

5G-connected homes

With 75 billion Internet of Things (IoT) devices expected to be in place by 2025, the world is in the cusp of having a technology that will change the way live now. Being able share your and to download a HD movie in seconds.

Read More